Dunedin archaeologist Peter Petchey reflects on photographs
of a water wheel and the associated Serpentine stamp mill,
once used in gold production, at Long Valley Creek, west of
Middlemarch. Photo by Gerard O'Brien.
Industrial heritage tourism, including the Dunedin
Gasworks Museum and historic ''stamper batteries'', can
generate further multimillion-dollar tourism gains for the city
and Otago, archaeologist Peter Petchey says.
Mr Petchey is a member of the Gasworks Museum trust board,
and recently completed a nearly 800-page PhD thesis in
archaeology, at the University of Otago.
His study focused on about 100 ''stamper batteries'' used,
throughout the country, for crushing rock to extract gold.
And he will be among about 250 graduands who will graduate in
person from the university with qualifications in humanities,
in a ceremony at the Dunedin Town Hall at 1pm tomorrow.
Protecting and developing industrial heritage assets often
initially took ''a bit of vision and a bit of work'', but the
success of the Otago Central Rail Trail in injecting
significantly increased visitor spending into many Central
Otago communities showed what could be achieved.
Central Otago was still home to about 30 substantially intact
stamp mills, also called ''stamper batteries'', which were
''spectacular'' pieces of equipment.
Many ranged in weight from about 10 tonnes to more than 40
tonnes, and some were three storeys high.
By generating gold, such mills played a ''very important''
role in the early development of Dunedin, as the country's
most commercially important city, in the 19th century.
Organised trips were already taking visitors to some mill
sites, such as at Macetown, but there was scope for more
He was ''relieved'' to have completed his studies and it was
''very satisfying'' that the Department of Conservation was
using his research in its management of stamp mills.
Stamper batteries operated in Otago for more than 50 years,
starting in the early 1860s, with the largest numbers
operating simultaneously between 1890 and 1905, he said.
English-born, Mr Petchey has two earlier Otago degrees,
including an MA in archaeology.