New Zealand beef producers have benefited from drought in
the northern hemisphere pushing up competitors' feed costs.
Photo by Neal Wallace.
Beef farmers could be in for ''continued happy days''
with further gains in beef prices offsetting much of the impact
of the high New Zealand dollar, Westpac economist Nathan Penny
New Zealand beef producers have benefited from drought in the
northern hemisphere, pushing up competitors' feed costs,
particularly in the United States.
''Americans wanting their hamburgers even during a drought
has created opportunities for pasture-based producers like
New Zealand,'' Mr Penny said.
In contrast, lamb prices had fallen hard over the past year,
with the recession in Europe constraining household spending.
However, he believed sheep farmers should benefit from
growing Chinese demand for wool.
''We expect Chinese growth to accelerate to 8.8% from 7.8% in
2012. As China accounts for 45% of New Zealand's wool
exports, this points to upward price pressure over 2013,'' he
While sustained Chinese growth was also adding demand for
food and supporting food prices, China was not yet a market
for ''top-end'' lamb.
There was no reason why New Zealand lamb producers could not
develop their own niche along the lines of what the New
Zealand tourism industry had done with its top-end Chinese
tourism market, he said.
Chinese tourist arrival had overtaken British arrivals in
2012, becoming New Zealand's second-largest market. The
challenge for lamb producers would be to develop a niche
within that market, he said.
Westpac's latest Agribiz sheep and beef outlook showed beef
prices were 8% lower than their early 2011 high, while the
November 2012 season peak in lamb prices was 30% lower than
the same time in 2011.
Silver Fern Farms' latest market report said the US beef
market remained flat, with prices trading in a narrow range
in the early part of this month. The trend was for prices to
move higher through the second half of February and early
China continued to show solid growth on a wide range of beef
cuts, mostly in the middle price range. Under the FTA, duty
rates had dropped from 5.3% in 2012, and would reduce to 4%
in 2013 (2016 would see zero duty rate), which gave a
distinct advantage over other North Asian markets (Korea and
Japan), where duty rates remained at 40%. European markets
continued to be affected by slow demand, with prices of
higher value cuts capped,
and down side due to slow demand and cheaper offerings from
South America. Meat was at an eight-month high in the ANZ
commodity price index for December, with beef prices
increasing to an all-time high, while lamb prices dropped to
a 32-month low.
The index rose 1% in December, its fifth consecutive monthly
rise. The index has risen 7% since last July but was still
14% below its April 2011 peak, economist Steve Edwards said.
For the second consecutive month, pelt prices posted the
strongest gain across the export basket, lifting 29% in the
month to reach their highest level in seven months. Dairy and
aluminium prices lifted to a nine-month high.