Sheep destined for Brazil on board the New Zealand Shipping Company's Papanui. Photo by Fred Ellis.
When Fred Ellis boarded a ship at Port Chalmers in 1957 in
charge of a consignment of stud sheep bound for Brazil, he
was ''dead scared''.
His only previous sea experience was crossing Cook Strait on
the Wellington-Lyttelton ferry in his school holidays.
Now in his 80s and retired in Inglewood, Taranaki, Mr Ellis
contacted the Otago Daily Times after watching a
recent Country Calendar episode which featured Central
It reminded him of his own exploits 57 years ago and he
wondered where the sheep came from and how many subsequent
exports of sheep to South America there had been.
It was during a casual conversation with the manager of a
Wellington wool store, where he was wool-classing, that he
mentioned he would like to go overseas before he ''settled
He forgot about the conversation until a couple of months
later, when he was asked how serious he was, as a shipment of
stud sheep was leaving Port Chalmers two weeks later.
The plans of the pair who were to take the 140 sheep around
Cape Horn to Brazil as deck cargo had fallen through and
replacements were urgently needed. If he could find a mate,
he would be offered the job.
An old school friend, Gavin Dowling, was working in the same
store and he readily agreed.
They arrived at Port Chalmers in time to see the sheep being
loaded on to the New Zealand Shipping Company's vessel, the
10,000 tonne Papanui.
It was a refrigerated cargo vessel taking lamb to the United
Kingdom and the live sheep were housed in 14 purpose-built,
covered wooden crates, secured by wire hawsers.
Each crate contained 10 sheep, comprising merinos,
Corriedales and Romneys, both rams and ewes.
''Frankly, both of us wereprivately dead scared. For my part,
my only sea experience of ships was the Wellington-Lyttelton
ferry on which I had travelled during school holidays,'' Mr
About 1am on the second night, he was awoken by a crew member
who told him a large wave had dislodged some crates.
One crate was completely smashed and some sheep were
wandering about the deck.
The pair's main job was to feed and water their charges and
clean the pens during the 18-day voyage.
As they entered lower latitudes, the weather became
increasingly colder and wetter and there was less daylight,
until it was dark about 3pm and dawn at 9am.
On arrival, a reception on board had been arranged by the
importing agents, Wilson and Sons, so the importing farmers
could see the sheep before disembarking.
''I remember the officers' saloon full of
non-English-speaking gaucho farmers who had filled their
pockets with some oats still in the corners of the troughs.
These quickly littered the carpet, causing annoying frowns
from the captain.
''One farmer ... who spoke a little English, asked if there
were any more and I naively said that there were nearly four
sacks he could have. However, we learnt later that the
subsequent crop was a failure.''
Mr Ellis' next 13 months in South America, working in the
wool trade, were also a steep learning curve.
He had to learn the language and ''every now and then'' he
would meet someone who could speak English.
The quality of sheep was not ''terribly good''. They were
able to teach the South American farmers a lot, and learnt a
lot, too, he said.