Health groups are banding together to call for duty-free
tobacco allowances to be scrapped and for huge increases in the
price of cigarettes over the next four years.
The groups - including the Royal Australasian College of
Physicians, the Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand,
the Heart Foundation, Maori Medical Practitioners
Association, the College of Nurses and Auckland Regional
Public Health Service - have put in submissions on the
Customs and Excise (Tobacco Products - Budget Measures)
Amendment Bill to introduce the tobacco tax hikes announced
in the Budget.
They all want the allowances for duty-free tobacco to be
scrapped following moves in Australia to drastically cut the
They are also uniting behind a call for a 40% increase next
year, followed by 20% increases in each of the three years
after that, well above the increases announced in the Budget
of 10% a year for four years.
The bigger increases - first suggested by public health
specialist Dr Murray Laugesen in the New Zealand Medical
Journal - would push the price of a packet of 20 cigarettes
up to $29 after four years, from $13 now.
Dr Laugesen estimated that the higher tax rates the health
groups are proposing would prompt 100,000 smokers to quit and
reduce consumption by one billion cigarettes next year.
At present, travellers can bring up to 200 cigarettes into
New Zealand duty-free.
From September 1, Australia's allowance will drop from 200 to
50 after changes in the Australian Government's Budget.
The New Zealand Government has already agreed to consider
changing the duty free rules in line with other countries,
especially Australia, and Associate Health Minister Tariana
Turia said it remained possible but was relatively complex
because of international obligations.
"We are always looking to keep in step with what is happening
in tobacco control in Australia.
"We have been looking at the options around the issue of duty
free tobacco products, but there are some complexities there
that make it difficult."
A Ministry of Health survey in 2008 found that about 7.4% of
smokers bought cigarettes from duty-free shops.
Heart Foundation medical director Norman Sharpe said
duty-free tobacco was also the largest source of black-market
tobacco in the country and cost $63 million in lost revenue.
"Effectively, this lost revenue is anomalous and is a
government subsidy for the tobacco industry and black market
In her submission, Global Public Health director Trish Fraser
said the looming changes in Australia meant many duty-free
retailers now said it was no longer worth stocking cigarettes
"As a result of Australia's experience, I believe there is a
good case for New Zealand to ban the sale of duty-free
The Royal Australian College of Physicians and the Cardiac
Society's submission also pointed to research for the
Ministry of Health by Auckland University's Dr Marewa Glover.
That showed two-thirds of smokers living in low socioeconomic
groups had tried to quit after tax increases in 2010 and
2011, but relapses were high and 40% of those who did not
succeed at quitting had started buying cheaper brands and
smoking closer to the filter to get more out of a cigarette,
or had cut back rather than quit.
"These behaviours buffered the intended financial impact and
appear to indicate more highly restrictive tax increases and
other measures are called for."
Several of the groups pointed to Dr Glover's research.
"Steeper tax increases will result in more successful quit
smoking attempts, as well as mitigating tobacco companies'
ability to maintain their sales by introducing ultra low-cost
It said hefty increases would also reduce the ability of
tobacco companies to absorb the cost increases.
The finance and expenditure select committee is considering
the Customs and Excise (Tobacco Products - Budget Measures)