Rat numbers are expected to skyrocket this year. Photo NZ
Forest & Bird wants extra funding to be made
available to the Department of Conservation as it launches a
huge bombardment of 1080 poison against a booming predator
Rat and stoat numbers are expected to skyrocket this year as
their food supply is boosted by an unusually large seed drop
from beech trees, known as a mast.
The boom in predator numbers threatens to put immense
pressure on the country's already-endangered native birds.
Doc's five-year battle plan will double the amount of
conservation land protected through the use of 1080.
Forest & Bird welcomed the plan, but believed the $21
million cost of the project should not come out of Doc's
"This is a situation that occurs very infrequently," advocacy
manager Kevin Hackwell told Radio New Zealand today.
"It's an exceptional situation, particularly where you're
talking about it happening potentially over the whole of the
South Island, in which case we don't think it should be
something that comes out of base funding for the Department
of Conservation, and particularly out of the savings they
made last year by getting rid of so many staff.
This is something the Government should be able to step up
for and actually provide the extra resources."
Kevin O'Connor, Doc's acting director general, conceded that
money would need to be shifted from other areas to boost the
"We're confident we can still deliver on everything else
we're wanting to deliver on. We're able to, in some cases,
defer some work and in other cases reduce the programme a
little bit in order to do this higher-priority work.
"So it's just about setting priorities, and this is a very
high priority for us."
Mr O'Connor told Morning Report that despite the reduction in
staff numbers, Doc was confident it had the experience it
needed to succeed.
"The loss of experience is always a problem of course."
Conservation Minister Nick Smith said Doc had an annual
budget of $335m, which was stable for the next five years,
and it needed to juggle its funding year to year.
He said the department has been spending a huge amount of
money trying to find alternatives to 1080, when "we have now
come to the conclusion, actually, for the foreseeable future
1080 is the best tool that we are going to have to be able to
deal with the 25 million birds a year that are killed by
Speaking to the Rotary Club of Nelson last night, Dr Smith
said programme would increase pest control in 35 forests to
protect 12 native species, and mainly involved using 1080.
The country's native birds were in decline, and the kiwi
would not exist in the wild for our grandchildren unless we
did more to protect them, he said.
The problem was "particularly urgent" this year, because the
country was facing a one in 10-15 year large beech mast,
which was expected to drop around a million tonnes of seed
"This flood of food will trigger a plague of an additional 30
million rats and tens of thousands of stoats. When the seeds
germinate in spring, these starved predators will annihilate
populations of our endangered birds," he said.
An additional 500,000 hectares wold be treated this year, and
Doc's pest control work would expand by 50,000 hectares each
year for the next five years.
The plan is aimed at helping to protect the great spotted,
brown and tokoeka kiwi, kaka, kea, whio (blue duck), mohua
(yellowhead), kakaraki (orange-fronted parakeet), rock wren,
long and short tailed bats, and giant snails. But is expected
to also help save other native birds, reptiles, insects and
trees and plants.
- Rats, stoats and possums kill an estimated 25 million
native birds a year, or 2000 birds every hour.
- Two significant mast seasons in the last decade saw some
bird species, like Mohua, wiped out entirely from some areas.
- additional reporting by Patrice Dougan