David Lange could certainly do it. He could turn it on and
off like a tap.
Helen Clark could do it when she had to. And then she would
lay it on thick with a trowel. Mike Moore could do it, but
then he would go and overdo it.
"It" in this case is the capacity shown by past Labour
leaders to draw strength from the party's founding principles
of fairness and equity and its proud track record in
delivering policies of such complexion as a means of both
uniting and galvanising the party.
In an age of soundbites and software, the leader's address to
his or her party's annual conference might seem old hat.
It remains the leader's ultimate test, however. A poor speech
by a struggling leader can sound like a death-throttle.
A good speech can silence the critics - at least for a month
The best speeches raise goosebumps, tingle spines and place
lumps in throats. They are emotive and directed with the
unflinching accuracy of heat-seeking missiles at the heart as
much as the mind.
The audience, of course, is a willing partner in this
manipulation. But getting delegates to fever pitch requires
the leader to display real passion - and in quantity.
The wording can be manicured by speech writers, but the
spirit driving such a speech cannot be manufactured out of
nothing. It cannot be faked. It requires an unquestioning
belief in the absolute correctness of the cause.
There can be no room for self-doubt.
The capacity to rouse the party faithful in such fashion is
the one thing which separates the great Labour leaders from
Sir Geoffrey Palmer was too much in the shadow of Lange. Phil
Goff thought he could do it, but could not shrug off his
incriminating past as a one-time acolyte of Sir Roger Douglas
and his guilt by association in Lange's downfall.
So can David Shearer succeed where Goff failed?
The vast majority of the 600-plus delegates inside Auckland's
Ellerslie Convention Centre will be collectively willing Mr
Shearer to do so when he mounts the podium tomorrow to
deliver his keynote speech to this year's Labour conference,
his first as leader.
Labour loves to wallow in its history.
Housing policy has been very much part of that history, so it
is not surprising it will be a major theme of the speech.
Even so, the betting is heavily weighted as to which side of
the fence Mr Shearer will fall in terms of the aforementioned
Mr Shearer is a capable set-piece speaker, however.
The stumbles in stand-up press conferences that send
unintended messages of doubt and hesitation to radio and
television audiences are largely absent from his delivery.
However, the expectations being layered on to tomorrow's
speech are daunting even if he shifts up a couple of gears,
something he must do anyway.
The pressure has been exacerbated by the extent and timing of
this week's calls for Mr Shearer to step down. He needs to
ease some of the pressure in advance of the speech by
stamping his authority on the conference rather than
passively allowing the media to play a mischievous and
destabilising Game of Two Davids all weekend. Mr Shearer
needs to dictate the media coverage today as well as tomorrow
and ensure that neither David Cunliffe nor those gunning on
his behalf get a look in.
Mr Shearer's leadership may not be under immediate threat.
But those who want him out may turn today's rewrite of the
party's constitution - particularly proposed new rules
covering the election of the party leader - into something of
a symbolic battle where delegates' statements and amendments
to those rules carry a double meaning.
The organisational review is one of the largely unseen steps
that have been taken under Mr Shearer's watch to modernise
and revitalise the party.
That exercise has been backed up by a major push to regain
lost territory in the provinces.
One major plus for Mr Shearer is that the conference is
happening at a time when Labour has some grounds for thinking
the debate on economic management is shifting in its favour.
Labour is already sloganeering, arguing National is driving
the country down the wrong track and Labour's more
interventionist approach is now the right track to follow.
That is language everyone can understand. A major priority
for Mr Shearer is explaining how the bits and pieces of
Labour's policy jigsaw - be it a capital gains tax, raising
the retirement the age to 67 or requiring the Reserve Bank to
take heed of the high exchange rate - fit together and where
this policy framework will take the country.
Doing battle with Bill English is for the long haul, however.
The more immediate concern is that Mr Shearer lifts his own
game - and drastically so.
He is someone who prefers to be seen as part of a team -
someone who shares the credit rather than grabbing it all for
himself. He believes achievements speak louder than words.
But in his job, meaningful achievements are few and far
Words have to be spoken at full volume to be heard. There can
be no more fudging.
Mr Shearer must reverse Labour's tendency to be over-cautious
when it comes to taking a position or drawing a line in the
Such blurring of the ideological boundaries between the two
major parties only serves to make New Zealand politics more
Labour initially sought to protect its relatively
inexperienced leader by positioning him above the political
fray as some kind of non-politician politician. That was
never a goer. It left Mr Shearer playing catch-up in terms of
In that regard, Mr Nice has reached his limits. The voters
now need to see flashes of Mr Tough. Mr Shearer's language
has to become more cutting, more emphatic and more definite -
and thus more quotable and memorable.
If that means grabbing issues from colleagues and running
with them hell-for-leather himself - Miss Clark's
profile-raising technique in Opposition - so be it.
The selfless Mr Shearer must become the selfish Mr Shearer,
not just for his sake but for the party's because the leader
embodies the party.
This weekend - if nothing else - Mr Shearer needs to show who
is the boss within Labour. We should know by tomorrow
afternoon to a large degree whether he has succeeded.
- John Armstrong is The New Zealand Herald