A section of the crowd jostle for position at the Rippon
Music Festival in Wanaka last February. The two-yearly
event is the country's longest-running festival featuring
all-New Zealand music. Photo by Mark Price.
Coachella, Glastonbury, Rhythm and Vines.
Whether at home or overseas, music festivals have always been
a ''rite of passage'' for teenagers.
What is it about festivals and their goings-on that appeals
so much to us?
Is it the unspoken sense of family felt when under the tent?
Or are attendees there purely for alcohol-fuelled mishaps?
At Byron Bay Bluesfest last year, I gained an insight into
what goes on behind the barrier, and it made me ask the vital
question: Why do we have music festivals?
The first traces of music festivals can be seen back in
Ancient Greece, in the Pythian Games.
Although these games were famed for displays of athletic
feats and chariot races, a very significant part of the
eight-day affair was four days of musical performance and
Over the hundreds of years that followed, festivals of music
and dance became more common in traditions and cultures, and
it developed in many ways, shapes and forms.
In the Middle Ages, there were competitive music festivals;
1879 marked the first Irish Music Festival in Dublin; then
came 1969, one of the most iconic years for music festivals.
An Aquarian Exposition on Maz Yasgur's 600-acre dairy farm in
Bethel, New York.
Four days, 32 acts, 400,000 people - Woodstock was listed by
Rolling Stone magazine as one of the ''50 moments that
changed the history of rock and roll''.
Woodstock triggered a bloom in the festival industry.
World-famous festivals were created because of Woodstock's
success, and festival life quickly became a global industry.
Today, festivals continue to be a dominant part of our
Rhythm and Vines 2015 has almost sold out, and they haven't
even announced their official line-up yet.
Glastonbury's 2014 pre-sale tickets sold out in a matter of
Why is this?
What is it that motivates a usually strapped-for-cash teen to
splash out $300-$600 for an unknown line-up?
Lynne Christie, from Rippon Festival in Wanaka, said the
anticipation and excitement building up to an event was huge.
''R&V are great at that. People love looking ahead to
summer and imagining being part of something big, something
''Young people are the energy footprint of the future and are
vital in showing the public how they want their world
She said music festivals used to be seen as a rite of passage
for young people, but now the festival spectrum was much
wider, with many encouraging families and people of all ages.
''The rite of passage part is possibly because it can be a
time when a teenager can first experience an event that is
more than a concert, but hopefully a safe, positive, creative
experience where they are exposed to different musicians than
they might usually get to see.
''It can also provide their first kick-ass memories as a
She said music festivals represented where the world was at,
and where it was going.
''Just about every human has a connection with some form of
''Music festivals offer the opportunity for all different
types of people to connect in a venue other than a sports
arena or religious structure.''
In 2011, Dr Andrew Bengry-Howell and a group of researchers
travelled around a wide range of music festivals in Europe,
asking attendees their personal reasons for attending
''Some talked about freedom and being able to totally forget
about your rubbish job in a call centre.
''Many started talking about the pressure they felt under . .
. and about seeing festivals as havens.''
He said it was easy to disappear into festivals - switch off
your phone and enjoy the ride.
One of the most important reasons to attend a music festival
is to experience the atmosphere of community and family felt
Reflecting back on my experience at Byron Bay Bluesfest in
2013, I thought of the strangers that surrounded me in the
We were all there for the same reasons, and because of this,
we were all connected in an unspoken way.
The minute you step under the tent and into the crowd, you
become part of this huge, sprawling family.
Festival crowds are one of the most versatile audiences in
Performers call out to their audience, asking for us to join
in, throw our hands in the air, sing along.
Being dutiful fans, of course we oblige.
We are part-choir, part-Mexican wave, always at the ready to
answer the call of the almighty artist.
People go to festivals to escape their everyday worries, to
fling themselves into fresh musical discoveries, and to
introduce themselves to their new family of hundreds they
share the tent with.
It is a deeply imbedded cultural tradition to attend
festivals, and we will continue to go for many centuries to
We will go for the days of freedom spent aimlessly weaving
through crowds, whether in Glastonbury's mud or Coachella's
• By Patti Barnes, Year 13, Mount Aspiring College