Officials count ballots after polls closed in Bani Sweif,
about 115km south of Cairo. Photo by Reuters
Egyptian judges are investigating opposition accusations
of voting fraud before declaring the result of a referendum set
to show that a contentious new constitution has been approved.
President Mohamed Mursi sees the basic law, drawn up mostly
by his Islamist allies, as a vital step in Egypt's transition
to democracy almost two years after the fall of
military-backed strongman Hosni Mubarak.
Unofficial tallies from the Muslim Brotherhood - which
catapulted Mursi into the presidency this year - indicated
that 64 percent had approved the charter, although an
official result was not expected until at least Tuesday
(local time). An opposition tally had a similar result.
Mursi's critics said the vote, conducted in two stages in a
process that ended on Saturday, had been marred by a litany
of irregularities, and have demanded a full inquiry.
"The committee is currently compiling results from the first
and second phase and votes from Egyptians abroad, and is
investigating complaints," Judge Mahmoud Abu Shousha, a
member of the committee, told Reuters.
Two sources in the committee said the results were likely to
be announced on Tuesday.
"It will not be very different from the unofficial result, at
60-something percent," one said.
The opposition, a loose alliance of socialists,
liberal-minded Muslims and Christians, say the text is too
Islamist, ignores the rights of minorities and represents a
recipe for more trouble in the most populous Arab nation.
They have noted that less than a third of those eligible
turned out to vote.
If the "yes" vote is confirmed, a parliamentary election will
follow in about two months, setting the stage for Islamists
to renew their battle with more secular-minded opponents.
Opposition politician Mohamed ElBaradei, a Nobel peace prize
winner, urged Mursi to form an all-inclusive government
together with the liberal camp in order to patch up divisions
and steer Egypt out of trouble in a democratic way.
"I am ready to join hands with President Mursi on condition
that he forms a national (unity) government and speaks as
president for all Egyptians," he told the daily
ElBaradei, the former head of the U.N. nuclear agency, said a
new assembly should rewrite the draft - a call unlikely to be
heeded by Mursi, who is keen to push it through quickly.
By forcing the pace on the constitution, Mursi risks
squandering the opportunity to build consensus for the
austerity measures desperately needed to kick-start an ailing
economy, economists say.
Highlighting investor concerns, Standard and Poor's cut
Egypt's long-term credit rating and said another cut was
possible if political turbulence worsened.
Responding to what it said were market rumours, the central
bank said it was taking steps to safeguard bank deposits.
Some Egyptians say they have withdrawn their funds from banks
out of concern that they will be frozen by authorities.
Under the new constitution, legislative powers that have been
temporarily held by Mursi move to the Islamist-dominated
upper house of parliament until a new lower house is elected.
The make-up of the Supreme Constitutional Court, which
Islamists say is filled with Mubarak-era appointees bent on
throwing up legal challenges to Mursi's rule, will also
change as its membership is cut to 11 from 18.
Those expected to leave include Tahani al-Gebali, who has
described Mursi as an "illegitimate president".
The low turnout has prompted some newspapers to question how
much support the charter really had, with opponents saying
Mursi lost the vote in much of the capital.
"The referendum battle has ended, and the war over the
constitution's legitimacy has begun," Al-Shorouk wrote in a
headline, while a headline in the Al-Masry Al-Youm newspaper
read: "Constitution of the minority".
The head of the Muslim Brotherhood's Freedom and Justice
Party, Saad al-Katatni, wrote on Facebook that the group's
members were "extending our hands to all political parties
and all national forces", adding: "We will all start a new
But the opposition National Salvation Front say the new basic
law only deepens a rift between the liberals and Islamists
who combined to overthrow Mubarak, and that they will keep
challenging it through protests and other democratic means.
"We do not consider this constitution legitimate," liberal
politician Amr Hamzawy said on Sunday, arguing that it
violated personal freedoms.
The run-up to the referendum was marred by protests triggered
by Mursi's decision to award himself broad powers on Nov. 22.
At least eight people were killed in clashes in Cairo and
violence also flared in the second city, Alexandria.