Alfonso Caballero, a Pemex employee injured in the blast,
speaks to the media, after he leaves Pemex hospital in
Mexico City. REUTERS/Henry Romero
Rescue workers pulled out more bodies from debris at the
headquarters of Mexican state oil giant Pemex after a powerful
explosion killed at least 32 people and threw a spotlight back
onto the state-run company's poor safety record.
Scenes of confusion and chaos outside the downtown tower
block in Mexico City have dealt another blow to Pemex's
image, just as Mexico's new president is seeking to court
outside investment for the 75-year-old monopoly.
Thursday's blast occurred at a Pemex building next to the
50-story skyscraper, and chief executive officer Emilio
Lozoya said the number of confirmed dead now stood at 32, up
from 25 overnight. A further 121 were injured, he added.
Officials have been unable to say how many people may still
be trapped within the wreckage of the office block. A
military paramedic at the scene said there were likely many,
and that he expected the death toll to continue increasing.
Lozoya said it was not clear what caused the mid-afternoon
explosion, which has been the subject of speculation ranging
from a bomb attack, to a gas leak, to a boiler blowing up.
"A fatal incident like yesterday's cannot be explained in two
hours, we are working with the best teams in Mexico and from
overseas, we will not speculate," he told a news conference.
Pemex, both a symbol of Mexican self-sufficiency and a byword
for security glitches, oil theft and frequent accidents, has
been hamstrung by inefficiency, union corruption and a series
of safety failures costing hundreds of lives.
President Enrique Pena Nieto has said overhauling the company
is a top priority, and investors have been closely following
how far he will go in enticing private capital to boost
flagging oil output in a country that is the world's number
"This incident speaks very poorly of the image of Pemex
management, and that's interpreted as additional risk in the
market," said Miriam Grunstein, an energy researcher at
Mexico's CIDE think tank.
One government official, speaking on condition of anonymity,
said a preliminary line of inquiry suggested a gas boiler had
blown up in the building to the side of the main Pemex tower,
which houses administrative offices.
However, he stressed nothing had been determined for sure.
Investigators have cordoned off the blast site, and a local
Red Cross official, Isaac Oxenhaut, said the ceiling had
collapsed in three lower stories of the building.
Lozoya said the four floors worst affected by the explosion
normally had about 200 to 250 people working on them. That
compared with about 10,000 staff in the entire Pemex complex.
The blast followed a September fire at a Pemex gas facility
near the northern city of Reynosa which killed 30 people.
More than 300 were killed when a Pemex natural gas plant on
the outskirts of Mexico City blew up in 1984.
Eight years later, about 200 people were killed and 1,500
injured after a series of underground gas explosions in
Guadalajara, Mexico's second biggest city. An official
investigation found Pemex was partly to blame.