Italy's Prime Minister-designate Matteo Renzi.
Italian centre-left leader Matteo Renzi began the
delicate task of trying to form a new government, facing
questions about how he will fill key ministerial posts and the
details of his ambitious reform agenda.
Renzi has promised a rapid programme of reforms, pledging to
tackle the electoral and constitutional system, overhaul the
public administration and reform labour market and tax rules,
all within four months of taking office.
"The work's going well, we're relaxed," Graziano Delrio,
Renzi's right-hand man in the coalition talks, told reporters
as meetings began to form Italy's 65th government since World
War Two. "We'll be ready by the weekend."
Talks began in the morning with the smaller parties in the
current ruling coalition, but the most important meeting was
in the evening between Renzi, who leads the Democratic Party
(PD), and Angelino Alfano, leader of the centre-right NCD
party, whose support will be vital to forming majority in
Speaking to reporters afterward, Alfano confirmed the NCD's
support for a Renzi government with some conditions. He ruled
out a "wealth tax" that some in the PD desire, and said he
wanted an economy minister that agreed with his party's aims.
"We want someone (in the economy ministry) who is not against
our proposals, but who, like us, holds them dear," Alfano
said, declining to name any possible candidates.
After Renzi concludes consultations with parliamentary groups
on Wednesday morning, Alfano said the parties planning to
support the government will hold a meeting in the afternoon
to see if their visions for economic reforms are compatible.
Though Alfano's conditions do not appear to be
insurmountable, Renzi, the 39-year-old mayor of Florence, has
begun to experience some of the difficulties of Roman
politics as he tries to build a cabinet with some high
profile candidates ruling themselves out.
As Alfano confirmed, the economy ministry has attracted
particular scrutiny. It is unclear whether Renzi will appoint
a politician with the experience of running a large
department or turn to another technocrat to succeed the
outgoing minister, former Bank of Italy official Fabrizio
Lucrezia Reichlin, a highly regarded professor at the London
Business School who is in the running to become deputy
governor of the Bank of England, has been widely tipped but
has so far given no clear signal of her intentions.
There was embarrassment on Monday when a radio station made a
prank call to Fabrizio Barca, a minister under former Prime
Minister Mario Monti who had been seen as a potential
candidate but who expressed frustration with Renzi.
"There's no idea at all behind this, there's such a level of
recklessness. Since there are no ideas, we're just seeing
slogans," Barca told the caller, who was posing as Nichi
Vendola, the leader of the small Left Freedom Ecology party.
"I'm really worried, it's amazing how the whole thing is
completely crumbling apart," he said.
After dropping previous pledges that he would only seek
office through an election, Renzi's ruthless removal of his
predecessor Enrico Letta, the cautious moderate named after
last year's deadlocked election, has raised pressure from the
He has been deeply critical of Letta's slow progress with
reforms to the economy which is struggling to recover from
its worst economic slump since World War Two and must now
show results quickly.
After being asked to form a government on Monday, Renzi
pledged one major reform a month up to May but details remain
sketchy on key points including his willingness to adhere to
the strict budgetary discipline demanded by Italy's European
Filippo Taddei, one of his main economic advisers, said the
focus would be on cutting spending and reducing taxes on
labour costs which he said were too high with respect to
taxes on financial income.
"We want to cut taxes overall, starting with taxes on
labour," he told Canale 5 television.
He said welfare protection for the unemployed would be beefed
up. But he would not scrap a much-disputed article of the
labour code which protects workers from unjustified
dismissal, a key stumbling block in past efforts to overhaul
a system blamed for overprotecting employees on full
contracts at the expense of part-time and short-contract
Financial markets appear to have welcomed Renzi's arrival,
with borrowing costs dropping to levels not seen since before
the outbreak of the eurozone debt crisis. Yields on 10 year
government bonds were at around 3.6 percent in morning trade
on Tuesday, near their lowest level since 2006.