An Ebola epidemic in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone is out
of control and requires massive resources from governments
and aid agencies to prevent it spreading further, medical
charity Médecins Sans Frontières said.
In its latest report on the crisis, the U.N. World Health
Organisation said the regional death toll had reached 350
since February. The crisis is already the deadliest outbreak
since Ebola first emerged in central Africa in 1976.
The disease has not previously occurred in the West Africa
region and local people remain frightened of it and view
health facilities with suspicion. This makes it harder to
bring it under control, MSF said in a statement.
At the same time, MSF said, a lack of understanding has meant
people continue to prepare corpses and attend funerals of
Ebola victims, leaving them vulnerable to a disease
transmitted by touching victims or through bodily fluids.
"The epidemic is out of control," said Bart Janssens, MSF
director of operations. "With the appearance of new sites in
Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia, there is a real risk of it
spreading to other areas."
Civil society groups, governments and religious authorities
have also failed to acknowledge the scale of the epidemic and
as a result few prominent figures are promoting the fight
against the disease, the statement said.
"Ebola is no longer a public health issue limited to Guinea.
It is affecting the whole of West Africa," said Janssens,
urging WHO, affected countries and their neighbours to deploy
more resources especially trained medical staff.
Guinea's health minister rejected the MSF statement, saying
it did not reflect the reality of the situation in the
"Today we have all our contacts under control and we are
monitoring them regularly," Remy Lamah told Reuters.
Lamah said the only pocket of the country that remained a
concern was a handful of villages on the Liberia and Sierra
Leone border where people were resisting efforts to fight the
disease due to local and traditional beliefs.
"Even there we are making progress," he said.
Ebola has a fatality rate of up to 90 percent and there is no
vaccine and no known cure. The virus initially causes raging
fever, headaches, muscle pain, conjunctivitis and weakness,
before moving into more severe phases with vomiting,
diarrhoea and haemorrhages.
MSF has treated some 470 patients, 215 of them confirmed
cases, in specialised centres in the region but the
organisation said it had reached the limit of its capacity.
Patients have been identified in more than 60 locations
across the three countries making it harder to curb the
outbreak. All three countries recorded new cases between June
15 and 19, according to the latest WHO report.
Sierra Leone, which did not confirm Ebola in the country
until late last month, was the most affected with 39 new
cases and eight new deaths, mostly in the Kailahun district
near its border with Guinea and Liberia, WHO said.
WHO said it was working with all three governments to improve
coordination and communication across the region.
West African health ministers are due to meet in Ghana on
July 2 to improve the regional response.