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Japan will withdraw from the International Whaling Commission (IWC) in a bid to resume commercial whaling, Kyodo News reports, citing government sources.
Japan's withdrawal from the IWC is planned for 2019 and will be announced by the end of this year, according to the report.
The Japanese government is considering commercial whaling only in seas near Japan and its exclusive economic zone, Kyodo reported.
Earlier this year, Japan's attempts to overturn a global commercial whaling ban failed when anti-whaling nations defeated a Japanese proposal that would have allowed whale hunts.
Japan halted commercial whaling in 1982 in line with a moratorium adopted by the IWC. Japan has hunted whales in the Southern Ocean since 1987 for what it calls "scientific research" purposes, but this has been criticised internationally as a cover for commercial purposes.
Japan has long maintained that most whale species are not endangered and that eating whale is a cherished part of its food culture.