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In a ruling that could severely damage the 57-year-old's reputation and career, Judge Andrew Nicol said on Monday he accepted claims from the actor's ex-wife, actress Amber Heard (34), that he had violently assaulted her during their tempestuous five-year relationship.
"I have found that the great majority of alleged assaults of Ms Heard by Mr Depp have been proved to the civil standard," said Nicol. "The claimant has not succeeded in his action for libel."
Depp's lawyers described the ruling as "perverse as it is bewildering", and said it would be ridiculous for him not to appeal.
Depp, star of films including Pirates of the Caribbean and Edward Scissorhands, had sued News Group Newspapers, publishers of the Sun, and one of its journalists, Dan Wootton, over a 2018 article which stated he had been violent towards Heard.
The newspaper also questioned his casting in the Fantastic Beasts and Where To Find Them movie franchise.
Nicol ruled that the paper's allegations were "substantially true". "It follows that this claim is dismissed," he said.
Over the course of three weeks at London's High Court in July, the judge heard evidence from both Depp and Heard about their fiery marriage, alleged affairs, his hedonistic lifestyle and battle with drink and drugs, and their furious rows.
Each accused the other of violent outbursts.
Heard said Depp would turn into a jealous alter ego, "the monster", after bingeing on drugs and alcohol. He had often threatened to kill her, she said.
Heard detailed 14 occasions of extreme violence when she said the actor choked, punched, slapped, head-butted, throttled and kicked her.
Nicol said he accepted 12 of these accounts were true, including assaulting her after her 30th birthday party and one another incident which left her with black eyes. He also supported her description of a three-day ordeal of "sustained and multiple assaults" while they were in Australia.
"It is a sign of the depth of his rage that he admitted scrawling graffiti in blood from his injured finger and then, when that was insufficient, dipping his badly injured finger in paint and continuing to write messages and other things," Nicol said.
"They must have been terrifying. I accept that Mr Depp put her in fear of her life."
The couple met while making The Rum Diary in 2011 and married four years later, but divorced in 2016.
Depp had told the court he was never violent towards his ex-wife, saying her claims were a hoax and that he had lost the tip of a finger after she threw a vodka bottle at him during the particularly ferocious row in Australia.
But Nicol rejected his version of how he lost the finger, as well as Depp's characterisation of Heard as a gold-digger and his allegation that her claims were a hoax.
The judge also said it was "unlikely" that either Heard or one of her friends had defecated in their bed as Depp had claimed.
DEPP LIKELY TO APPEAL
Depp's lawyers said it was "troubling" that the judge had relied on Heard's testimony while rejecting the evidence of police officers, her former assistant and other witnesses which they said had undermined her evidence.
"The judgement is so flawed that it would be ridiculous for Mr Depp not to appeal this decision," law firm Schillings said.
"In the meantime, we hope that in contrast to this case, the ongoing libel proceedings in America are equitable, with both parties providing full disclosure rather than one side strategically cherry picking what evidence can and cannot be relied upon.
Depp has also filed a $US50 million ($NZ75 million) defamation lawsuit against Heard in a Virginia court over an opinion piece she wrote in The Washington Post.
"For those of us present for the London High Court trial, this decision and judgement are not a surprise," Elaine Charlson Bredehoft, Heard's US lawyer said in a statement.
"Very soon, we will be presenting even more voluminous evidence in the US We are committed to obtaining Justice for Amber Heard in the US Court and defending Ms. Heard's Right to Free Speech."
The Sun said the ruling was a "stunning victory" for press freedom.
"Domestic abuse victims must never be silenced and we thank the judge for his careful consideration and thank Amber Heard for her courage in giving evidence to the court," the paper said in a statement.
Depp's loss in the libel battle be the final straw in a diminishing career as a major movie star - but much of the damage had already been done, Hollywood observers say.
Matthew Belloni, former editorial director of the Hollywood Reporter, said the sordid details of the short-lived marriage had been aired so often in recent years that the verdict likely had little impact in the industry.
"There is a sense in Hollywood that Johnny Depp is a tainted brand, and his dominance of the box office in the 2000s has come to an end."
Depp has often played offbeat characters and has an army of fans using social media hashtags like #JusticeForJohnnyDepp who reacted angrily to the verdict.
But incidents like head butting and scrawling graffiti in blood that were recounted in the July trial were at odds with his family-friendly films.
"I think this is the final nail in the coffin of Johnny Depp's brand," said celebrity branding expert Jeetendr Sehdev. "The verdict does not align with that image."
Depp is also the face of fashion house Dior's male fragrances. Dior did not respond to a request for comment about its future relationship with the actor.
Amber Heard's Hollywood profile is smaller. She is expected to start production in mid-2021 on Aquaman 2 but Sehdev said producers "would do well to increase her role in that movie."
"She should absolutely reap the benefits of her bravery. Sentiment is changing where we do believe victims and we recognise that there is a darker side to Hollywood," Sehdev added, referring to the criminal sexual assault convictions of producer Harvey Weinstein and comedian Bill Cosby.