General optimistic

The famous Black Watch in a village answering a roll call prior to going into the firing line. — Otago Witness, 24.7.1918.
The famous Black Watch in a village answering a roll call prior to going into the firing line. — Otago Witness, 24.7.1918.
General Smuts, speaking at London, in reviewing the military situation, said he hoped and trusted that this time the tide had turned finally and conclusively.

The gap in the Allied armies, due to the defection of Russia, had been filled with much stern stuff from the United States and it would not be so long before the American army in France would be as large as the Anglo-French combined.

Germany, at the height of her power before the Americans came in, could not strike a paralysing blow. What would be the position when America's new and incomparable army was fully on the scene. ''Be the end far or near,'' said General Smuts, ''we can be as confident of it as of tomorrow's rising sun.''

Chathams prospects

''There are 50,000 or 60,000 acres of first class land at the islands,'' (says Mr Deverill, a member of the Canterbury Education Board, who has just returned from a visit to the Chathams), ''and it is held chiefly by absentees, which is not good for the islands. There is one portion at present supporting just about 10,000 sheep, but under even very ordinary conditions, it could carry from 40,000 to 45,000.

There are only 17 people on it. The Government has neglected these islands although they would be a great asset to New Zealand if given facilities for marketing their produce and obtaining what they want. That one island should have on it from 30 to 40 families.

Large holdings have got practically no sheep worth talking about, and carry cattle and goats that are not seen from one year's end to another These large holdings could carry from 50 to 100 families on each of them, and the whole of the islands, instead of carrying 400 people, half of them Maoris, could carry from one to two thousand settlers.


Tomahawk lagoon trout

The Otago Acclimatisation Society is proceeding with the stocking of the Tomahawk Lagoon with sea-run fish from the Water of Leith. So far 265 fish, ranging up to 5lb in weight, have been placed in the water. It has been suggested by a correspondent that the society ought to place a larger stock of fish in the Lagoon, but with this view Mr G. W M'Intosh (president of the society) does not agree.

He says that the testimony of experts is that a suggestion of this kind, if carried out, would be detrimental to the fish, In stocking new water the practice followed is to place not more than 200 yearlings to the acre, and the area of Tomahawk Lagoon is about 27 acres, less a very moderate estimate of five acres of shallows, which are unfit to carry fish.

This reduces the available area to 22 acres, which is already stocked. If large fish were placed in the water to the number of 1000, as suggested, no person with knowledge of fish culture would hope for satisfactory results.

Capital fuel shortage

The coal shortage is being very acutely felt in Wellington at the present time (says Tuesday's New Zealand Times). The prevailing icy weather has necessitated the keeping of the home fires burning at full strength, so that coal bins have become very quickly empty.

It is practically impossible to get coal anywhere. Wood likewise is practically unobtainable, and the only way it can be procured is by paying an extraordinarily high figure for it

- ODT, 26.7.1918.


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