You are not permitted to download, save or email this image. Visit image gallery to purchase the image.
Meanwhile Phil Mickelson, Jordan Spieth and Rory McIlroy all but played themselves out of the championship before it had barely started.
Englishman Poulter and American Piercy tamed the weather, both carding one-under-par 69 in the wicked winds that whipped across the exposed Shinnecock Hills course.
They fared considerably better than the glamour grouping of Mickelson, Spieth and McIlroy.
Mickelson, needing victory to complete the career grand slam, was best of the bad bunch, limping home with a 77, while Spieth triple-bogeyed his second hole en route to a 78.
McIlroy was even worse. The Northern Irishman battled his driver, finding the waist-high fescue grass with monotonous regularity as he hacked his way to an 80, his worst score in 29 rounds at the US Open.
Poulter fared considerably better, putting a wretched US Open record behind him for his best-ever first-round score.
He made his US Open debut at Shinnecock Hills 14 years ago, and it has been a miserable ride ever since.
"I didn't enjoy it at all, I have to say," recalled the European Ryder Cup stalwart.
"I haven't enjoyed very many, to be honest. They're difficult, they're hot, they're stressful.
"Feels like you're pulling teeth every single hole you play."
Yet at the age of 42, Poulter has finally concluded that "it is tough" for everyone, and has adjusted his attitude accordingly.
"I've changed my mindset. I'm here to enjoy my golf this week, to play freely.
"If I hit it in the rough, I hit it in the rough. I'm going to try and make par the hard way.
"It's difficult for everyone. Today is just a good day, and I've got three tough days left."
Fellow Englishman Justin Rose also started well. The 2013 champion, one of the pre-championship favourites, struck his driver with customary excellence on his way to an excellent 71.
"I think I missed only one fairway, so from the fairway I had some control of the ball," Rose said.
"I hit a couple of poor shots, but a couple of miraculous up-and-downs kept the round going."
Any hopes that the Shinnecock Hills course would yield some good early scores proved unfounded as a strong wind whipped across the treeless layout from the moment the first groups teed off just before 7am (local time).
Spieth gave a preview of the general carnage to come when he dropped three shots at his second hole, the par-three 11th, where he found a greenside bunker and then blasted his second shot over the green.
He compounded his problems by hitting his first chip shot a little delicately up onto the crowned green, before running up in an effort to mark his ball before it rolled back to his feet.
Alas, he was too late.
Tiger Woods had a late tee time with world No1Johnson and No2 Justin Thomas, playing in a wind that showed no sign of abating.