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Ardern and French President Emmanuel Macron launched a global initiative to end online hate in 2019 after a white supremacist killed 51 people at two mosques in the New Zealand city of Christchurch while live-streaming his rampage on Facebook.
This Christchurch Call initiative has been supported by more than 50 countries, international organisations and tech firms, including Facebook, Google, Twitter and Microsoft.
Ardern said today the initiative had been successful in its first aim of establishing a crisis protocol, including a 24/7 network between platforms to quickly remove content, in response to events like those in Christchurch.
"We have had real world stress-testing of those systems and they have worked very effectively," Ardern said in an interview with Reuters.
"I am confident that we are operating more effectively than we have before," she added. "The next challenge though, is to go further again."
Asked what tech companies should be doing, Ardern replied: "much more."
The next step was to focus on prevention, looking at how people are finding or coming across hateful or terror-motivating content online and perhaps becoming radicalised, she said.
"That's where we are really interested in the ongoing work around algorithms and the role that we can all play to ensure that online platforms don't become a place of radicalisation."
A Christchurch Call conference earlier this year was attended by the United States and Britain.