Members of the Royal New Zealand Navy look on during dawn service at the Wellington Cenotaph. Photo by Hagen Hopkins/Getty Images
Thousands of New Zealanders and Australians have gathered in
Gallipoli to pay tribute to the men who went through
'suffering and horrors' to do their duty as soldiers.
New Zealand Defence Force Major General Arthur David Gawn
began the dawn service at Anzac Cove with a call to
"Those who landed knew they were on a momentous undertaking
... they had no idea that their name would become legend," he
"The legends of those soldiers from another age, on these
beaches and ridges that stand witness around us have shaped
our nations," Major General Gawn said.
"Those who landed knew that they were on a momentous
undertaking, but they had no inkling that their name would
"As we stand here in the peace and quiet of the early
morning, we can cast our minds back to the morning 99 years
ago, when the soft sounds of waves on the shore, and the
gentle rhythmic splashing of oars of the landing boats were
soon drowned out by the cacophony of gun fire, the shouts of
orders and the screams of wounded men.
"Now, almost a century later, we come together to acknowledge
the deeds of those who served in the Gallipoli campaign and
to honour their memory and to reflect on all that they
endured. There are great feats conducted here and there are
those who straggled. Those who stood by their mates, and a
few who let them down.
"We should not judge from the distance of history, just as we
cannot imagine the suffering and horrors endured by those who
Major General Gawn, New Zealand's Chief of Army, read from
diaries of soldiers who served in Gallipoli.
"After the landing, Lieutenant Colonel Percival Fenwick from
Christchurch wrote: '5000 casualties, about three men per
yard of ground gained. An order has come out naming this bay
Anzac Bay, after the New Zealand and Australian divisions, it
does not matter what it's called, perhaps it will some day be
known as Bloody Beach Bay, God knows, we have paid heavily
"This then, is a place of solemn remembrance, of sadness, and
of loss. As dawn rises above the ridges, we think back to how
it was that morning and to those who have their lives to
change our world forever more."
Australian Minister for Veterans Affairs Senator Michael
Ronaldson then spoke, welcoming the crowd gathered and noting
that the eerie silence of the new day was an appropriate
moment to pause and reflect on those who had lost their lives
on the peninsula.
"I can only imagine what these men, the finest of their
generation thought and felt as their boats carried them from
the safety of their homes and families, to the heart of a
Turkish Army 2nd Lieutenant Mehmet Akbas read a quotation by
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, and was followed by 1st Lieutenant
Those who lost their lives of the shores of Gallipoli became
Turkey's sons as well, he said.
The speeches then stopped while a choir and the crowd sang
Governor-General Sir Jerry Mateparae took to the podium.
"One hundred years ago Europe was headed into what has long
been remembered as a golden summer, no one could have
foreseen that summer's end would herald one of the darkest
periods of our history," he said.
"The First World War cast a long, dark shadow, and ripped our
Australia's Secretary of Veterans' Affairs Simon Lewis said
many Australian and New Zealanders grew up with the stories
of heroism displayed by Anzac forces and the stoicism with
which they bore hardships.
"Like all history, these stories are multi-faceted, and the
full was much more complex and layered, nonetheless, the
words of those who served here, written at the time do tell
of the most extraordinary acts being undertaken but those who
simply did their jobs and did their duty as soldiers."
New Zealand Defence Force (NZDF) Chaplain Lance Lukin then
recounted a prayer of remembrance to those gathered.
"God of liberty and love help us this day and in this place
to remember the first Anzacs, both Australian and New
Zealander and the generations of people who have died in the
time of war. In this place help us remember those who bear
the pain of war, help us also to remember the widows,
girlfriends and parents, orphans, and all those who waited in
vain for the return of a loved one."
Royal Australian Airforce Chaplain Kevin Russell then read
the Lord's Prayer before wreaths were laid on behalf of all
the nations which took part in the Gallipoli campaign as
bagpipes played in the background.
Australian Chief of Defence Force General David Hurley then
recited the Ode of Remembrance before The Last Post played.
One minute's silence was then observed and Reveille played
before the National Anthems of Turkey, NEw Zealand and
Thousands attend Auckland service
Thousands of people assembled outside the Auckland War
Memorial Museum this morning to commemorate New Zealand's
"contribution to freedom".
The ANZAC Day dawn service opened with the sounds of the
Maori trumpet and the hymn "Abide with me".
War veterans marched onto the Court of Honour, and a prayer
reminded Kiwis to honour those who died.
"We will remember them as friends, as comrades ... They will
grow not old."
Auckland's mayor Len Brown placed a wreath on the cenotaph to
remember "all who have fallen, and all who have served".
The sounds of 'The Last Post' echoed around the domain,
followed by a minute of silence.
The ode "For the Fallen" was then recited by two veterans,
first in Te Reo and then in English.
The New Zealand flag, alongside Australia's, was hoisted on
the roof of the museum, followed by singing of "Poppies and
In recognition of fellow ANZACs, the crowd sang the
Australian national anthem, followed by ours - in Maori and
The band played as the veterans marched off the court to a
round of applause.
Three horses were part of the part of this morning's service,
to honour the thousands that lost their lives in war.
More than 8000 horses served in World War One. Only four
Christchurch dawn service
More than 2000 people gathered in Christchurch's Cranmer
Square for a dawn parade.
Veterans marched in to the hushed park at 6.15am, led by the
New Zealand Army Band.
The crowd clapped as the veterans marched in.
Mayor Lianne Dalziel gave a welcome before association
wreaths were laid at a makeshift cenotaph topped with wooden
cross, in front of two rows of white crosses to represent the
18,200 New Zealanders killed in World War One.
Wreaths were laid by flight lieutenant Steve Heriban of the
Royal Australian Air Force, Major General Tim Gall of the
NZDF, politicians Nicky Wager MP and Clayton Cosgrove MP, and
representatives of the Consular Corps, police, Fire Service,
St John and the Merchant Navy.
Peter Dawson, president of the Christchurch RSA dedicated the
wreaths "to the memory of those who did not return", not just
from WWI, but all wars and conflicts since, including most
Some of the crowd, and veterans, joined in with singing the
Bryan Shankland VRD (Volunteer Reserve Decoration) of the
Canterbury Malaya Veterans Association, gave the Anzac
remembrance where he paid tribute to the relationship between
Kiwi and Australian soldiers.
Today, he said, is about remembering "the sacrifices others
have made so we can enjoy the principles and freedoms we have
After a hymn and reading by the Very Rev. Lynda Patterson,
Flight Lieutenant Steve Heriban of the Royal Australian Air
Force read the Anzac dedication, composed by Digger L. E.
Since the Anzac troops received their baptism of fire at
Gallipoli 99 years ago, Anzac has become "one of the immortal
names of history", he wrote.
"And now, at this hour, and on this day, it is fitting that
we should gather here to honour the memory of those who went
to the battlefields of that war, but did not return.
"We pray that their fight, and their sacrifice, may not have
been in vain, and that in due season their everlasting
memorial may be 'Peace on earth and good will among men'."
The Last Post was played in a rising red dawn.
Binyon's Lines were read by Herbie Timu of the Malayan
Veterans Association and Mr Dawson, followed by a volley of
gunfire and reveille.
After a full rendition of the national anthem, the parade was
dismissed and the general public and community groups were
invited to lay their wreaths.
The citizens Anzac Day commemoration service will be held at
transitional 'cardboard' cathedral at 10am.