Archeological artist Jan Morrison, of Arrowtown, holds an
archive picture of the stone entranceway to a European gold
miner's hut, at the rediscovered ruins of the buildings, on
the Macetown-Arrow River Track. Photo by James Beech.
The forgotten remains of a pioneering European
gold-mining settlement in Arrowtown have been rediscovered
after 50 years.
The huts, at the base of German Hill, are known as Cooper's
Terrace (named after English miner Samuel Ward Cooper) and
were occupied from the early 1860s until the death of Alice
"Granny" Neylon in 1925.
Slideshow: Blast from the Past
Archaeological artist Jan Morrison, a resident of Arrowtown
for 10 years, said a chance conversation in March last year
reminded her of an old miner's hut she played in as a child,
in the 1960s.
Ms Morrison found the spot on the Macetown-Arrow River Track,
about 1km from the Arrowtown village centre, but the area was
overgrown with dense vegetation.
She returned with loppers and a pruning saw and uncovered
four stone walls, a buried internal floor and a section of a
schist stone wall.
Ms Morrison stopped work and informed the authorities,
including the New Zealand Historic Places Trust. The trust
granted her permission in February to clear the land and
present the huts to the public.
"I was terribly excited, stoked. There was talk of other huts
and gardens, but no-one paid any attention.
"It's the only collection of European miners' huts which have
been found so close to Arrowtown."
Lakes District Museum archivist and researcher Karen Swaine
found a photograph taken in 1900 which showed there was more
than one hut at the site.
The wall section Ms Morrison found was believed to have been
"the German castle", the local nickname of an ornate stone
entrance to a garden and timber hut, which belonged to John
Mr Miller was a geologist, miner, founder of the Arrow
Miners' Association and Wakatipu correspondent for the Otago
Witness from 1868 until his death in 1903.
Ms Swaine said the discovery was of major significance, as it
was a gateway to a track once teeming with prospecting
activity. It was believed every available flat surface was
utilised by miners, but survey maps showed only claims.
"It's good to have tangible evidence of what miners did and
what made Arrowtown a gold-mining town," Ms Swain said.
"I thought where they built the Arrow irrigation scheme they
would have gone right through the huts and they were gone,
but we still have them."
Members of the Queenstown and District Historical Society
visited the site about two weeks ago. The society and the
Arrowtown Village Association had helped fund ongoing
investigations into Cooper's Terrace.
Ms Morrison said she would plot the positions of the
dwellings, while Ms Swaine continued to search for more
photographs and documents.