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It comes after Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern has raised New Zealand to alert level three immediately and the country will move to level four in 48 hours.
Ardern said New Zealand faced the potential for devastating impacts, but there was a "small window to get ahead of it".
The measures associated with the alert levels will be in place for four weeks.
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Schools are to be closed for all except children of essential service workers. Schools will close to all pupils after Wednesday.
"Now is the time to put our plans into action. We are fortunate to be in some way behind the majority of overseas countries in terms of cases ... but act now or risk the virus taking hold."
She said the situation was moving at pace "and so must we".
Entities providing essential services (including their supply chains)
Building and construction
Courts, tribunals and the justice system
At level 3 only:
Fast-moving consumer goods
Local and national government
Primary industries, including food and beverage production and processing
Public safety and national security
Transport and logistics
Utilities and communications, including supply chains