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Summerfruit New Zealand figures released last week showed nationwide cherry exports were down by more than a third in tonnage - dropping from 4244 tonnes with a market export value of $84.1million in 2017-18 to 2682 tonnes worth $66.2million in 2018-19.
Central Otago typically exports about 90% of New Zealand's cherries.
Summerfruit chief executive Marie Dawkins said the figures confirmed what had been "pretty clear early on in the season'' to orchardists.
Unusually harsh frosts in October were the main reason for the reduced cherry crop, Ms Dawkins said.
Figures for the New Zealand or "local'' market were not available, however they had been "reasonably strong'' and helped some orchardists offset the drop in export cherries, she said.
But, although orchardists would have been affected by lower crops this summer, the cyclical nature of harvests was part of the industry, Ms Dawkins said.
"They [orchardists] have to be able to deal with these fluctuations and they do; that's the way of life.''
National cherry exports in 2016-17 were 3346 tonnes, and in 2015-16 3400 tonnes.
In 2013-14, 1600 tonnes of cherries were exported. Orchard expansions and new plantings have contributed to a general increase in harvest since then.