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Beginning on November 9, the fire covered more than 5000ha, and more than 10 helicopters and hundreds of firefighters worked to extinguish it.
Mt Gowrie Station farmer Jim Macdonald - who owns 2400ha of land at Clarks Junction northeast of the site of the fire - said the DCC and Doc needed to make changes to their approach to land management.
"I've been farming this land for 54 years and this was the biggest fire by a country mile.
"It was only a matter of time - it's been building since Doc took over the land and stopped grazing," Mr Macdonald said.
"There needs to be change from both Doc and the DCC and actual research on the risk of fire in large areas like Te Papanui."
About 1100ha of the fire was on Doc land.
Dunedin City Council 3 Waters group manager Tom Dyer said the DCC deliberately managed the catchment land at Deep Stream to ensure the best possible drinking water.
"This means we do not mow the grass and do not allow stock on the land, as stock has the potential to contaminate the water supply."
The council was aware that allowing the tussock to establish created a fire risk, he said.
"We haven't had a significant fire like this for several decades.
"In light of the recent fire we will review the associated risk of fire and weigh it against the need to provide a clean supply of drinking water."
Doc coastal Otago acting operations manager Mike Hopkins said public conservation land was generally covered in some type of vegetation.
"Different types and densities of vegetation pose different levels of hazard," Mr Hopkins said.
"At Te Papanui, tussock land is a high-hazard fuel, which is why fires are not permitted."
Mr Hopkins said further research was needed to better understand and identify areas where prescribed burning might be of benefit in enhancing ecosystems or reducing fuel loads.
"In the case of Te Papanui, grazing and fires are both significant negative impacts and are not considered suitable options for fuel reduction or enhancement of tussock land in its natural state."
Mr Macdonald said the land where the fire was had been grazed but that stopped in about 2002 when Doc took over the land.
Bringing back controlled burning and grazing of the land would keep the fire risk in large areas low.
"It all used to be maintained and you would very seldom have a fire get out of hand. Since then it's been a time bomb waiting to go off."
Mr Macdonald said the fire was preventable and should be a wake-up call for change to happen.