You are not permitted to download, save or email this image. Visit image gallery to purchase the image.
Recently, I saw a beguiling poster in a Viennese Reisenburo portraying a lonely camper van parked up at dusk before Mt Cook's foothills. ``New Zealand - Pure Adventure'', the caption translated. The reality differs: crowded campsites, pernicious anti-freedom camping laws with most New Zealanders seemingly hating camper vans.
When I asked, the warden at the Department of Conservation's Moke Lake campground, near Queenstown, said it was clear visitor numbers were up 20% this summer. The campground was at capacity, as was the bigger campsite down the road at Twelve Mile Creek. His estimate matches my colleagues' at Venture Southland who calculated the number of visitors to Milford Sound increased 19.8% last year. Both were off the previous year's record high. I had observed that the Doc Eglington Valley campsites were at capacity last February.
The Walking Access Commission worked hard this past year to persuade private landowners at Roaring Meg and three other sites around New Zealand to reopen tracks through their properties - the landowners had closed access because mountain bike and foot traffic was overwhelming them. Dissatisfaction in Otago at the sharp edge of tourism ran at 27% last year, according to some sources. Even Chinese language social media is becoming critical of crowding. Unsurprisingly, the recently released McKinsey Report worries that tourism's ``public licence to operate'' may be about to expire.
Meanwhile, Tourism New Zealand spends $120million each year to market New Zealand, roughly the same as the Government allots Doc to manage the drawcard that woos most visitors. This includes Doc's total biodiversity protection effort as well as emptying toilets at tourism hot spots.
It makes no sense to spend less on the product than we do marketing it, especially when tourists leave behind $2.8billion each year in GST.
The McKinsey report hints we should look to high-value rather than bulk tourism. Putting aside equity concerns and a tourism hospitality industry reliant on low-wage foreign tourists for service provision, this seems sensible. However, New Zealand is a land of small shopkeepers: last summer helicopter operators dependent on tourists pressured Doc to allow them tenfold more helicopter landings on Mt Tutoko instead of increasing prices to ration the experience and increase profits. Our roads are full of camper vans and ``rent-a-bugs''. There is no end in sight of the ``mattress sleepers'' - tourists who sleep on mattresses in station wagons.
Belatedly, the McKinsey Report calls for a tourism strategy to be prepared. Yes, and soon! However, such a strategy needs public support and input. Such a strategy needs the big tourism players' views, but it especially requires input from Doc and NGOs, such as Federated Mountain Clubs, who understand the impacts of tourism on our backcountry. It requires input from the Tuataperes the tourists pass through. It needs buy-in from local councils, who live with the results. It needs to have teeth, so the shabby ex-hotel at Milford Sound can be compelled to be upgraded to match a destination that draws 10% of tourists to New Zealand. The report needs to be wide-ranging and thoughtful: do we have lots of camper vans primarily because our rural public transport is non-existent? Must we have glacier landings in every national park? How do we divert tourists to Taneatua to enjoy Ngai Tuhoe's hospitality? Should tourists pay for public goods? How do we avoid displacing locals? What does the tourist of the future look like? Then we need action, and with alacrity.
That's a tall order. Alternatively, we put up the ``Full-No Vacancy'' sign at Auckland Airport next year.
- Robin McNeill, of Invercargill, is a business project manager at Venture Southland, tramping guidebook editor, Federated Mountain Clubs immediate past-president and Walking Access Commission board member.