You are not permitted to download, save or email this image. Visit image gallery to purchase the image.
It appears to provide evidence the Reserve Bank's loan to value ratio (LVR), placing lending limits on banks to first-home owners with less than a 20% deposit, is beginning to take effect.
ASB economist Daniel Smith said sales volumes during Nov-ember and December were low.
''It seems that the introduction of the LVR restrictions in October may have created hesitation among both buyers and sellers,'' Mr Smith said in a statement.
He said sales in the lower-priced segment of the market had initially been most affected by the LVR restrictions, but the January data suggested the impact was lessening.
While the national median price was down 5.8%, or $25,000 to $402,000 from the previous year, Otago's median price was up 10.9% to $234,000, while the separate Central Otago Lakes region was up slightly, 0.5%, to $425,000, data from the Real Estate Institute of New Zealand (REINZ) showed yesterday.
The only decline in sales numbers was the under-$400,000 bracket, down 15% from 2756 a year ago to 2326, while $400,000-$600,000 sales (26% of market) were up 4% at 1350 and $600,000 to $1 million (14% of market) sales were up 15% to 821.
Sales of homes above $1 million (3.4% of market) increased 33% from 167 a year ago to 222.
REINZ chief executive Helen O'Sullivan said the overall 4719 January sales numbers were down 17% compared to December, and 4.3% on sales the previous January.
Several issues, including seasonal factors and the ongoing LVR impact, meant it was difficult to get an entirely clear steer on the direction of the January market.
Mr Smith said despite the slight easing in housing market pressures, a hike of the interest-driving official cash rate by the Reserve Bank still looked like ''a near certainty''.
In Dunedin, median prices on a year ago rose from $249,000 to $273,000, while Queenstown dipped from $562,500 a year ago to $512,500.
- New Zealand's total value of residential sales, including sections, was $2.33 billion in January, compared to $2.24 billion a year earlier.