Hot finding with ultra cold atoms

Looking over experimental equipment at the University of Otago Light and Matter Laboratory are ...
Looking over experimental equipment at the University of Otago Light and Matter Laboratory are (from left) physicist Dr Niels Kjaergaard, physics student Kris Roberts and postdoctoral fellow Dr Amita Deb. Photo by Gregor Richardson.
Two University of Otago physics students have pushed the frontiers of quantum technology by helping develop laser-operated ''optical tweezers'' that precisely split clouds of ultracold atoms and smash them together.

Kris Roberts and Thomas McKellar have added significantly to cutting-edge research on ultracold atoms, which interact at temperatures of less than a millionth of a degree above absolute zero.

Absolute zero is about minus 273.15C.

Danish-born Otago lead researcher and physicist Dr Niels Kjaergaard said there were many potential applications from the new research.

These included developing tools for probing microscopic structures and sensors that could map minute variations in magnetic fields.

In 1998, Otago physicists became the first scientists in the southern hemisphere to create a novel state of matter - known as Bose-Einstein Condensate - in which thousands of atoms enter a quantum state and often behave as if they were a single atom.

This state of matter was predicted in 1925 but was created for the first time by US researchers only in 1995.

Thomas McKellar.
Thomas McKellar.
Scientists at the Jack Dodd Centre for Quantum Technology at the Otago physics department have, over the years, made many novel international research findings involving ultracold atoms.

Dr Kjaergaard was ''very proud'' of the ''notable achievements'' of Mr Roberts, who developed a novel steerable optical tweezers unit as part of his BSc (Hons) work and Mr McKellar, an MSc student, who built a related control unit.

Both students are now part of Dr Kjaergaard's research group.

Mr Roberts was yesterday still coming to terms with the fact he was now the lead author of a scientific paper on the new cutting-edge system, which was published yesterday in the United States journal Optics Letters.

Scientists said Mr McKellar had developed his control unit using some improvised equipment valued about $700, which nevertheless proved effective.

The Otago researchers used their new approach to split a ''single ultracold cloud of rubidium atoms sequentially into 32 daughter clouds, spreading them out over nearly half a centimetre''.

This kind of precise control was ''like being able to pull a delicate snowflake into two clean halves with your bare hands'', Dr Kjaergaard said.

The research was supported by a Marsden Fund grant.

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