Germany’s armed strength

Princess Mary, Colonel in Chief of the 1st Battalion of the Royal Scots Regiment, inspects troops...
Princess Mary, Colonel in Chief of the 1st Battalion of the Royal Scots Regiment, inspects troops prior to their departure for India. — Otago Witness, 25.11.1919.
London: Discussing recent estimates of Germany’s armed strength, an authority just returned from Germany stated that there were three categories of armed forces:

First, the National army of 100,000, as fixed by the Versailles Conference; secondly, the Public Defence Corps, estimated at 100,000, centred in the cities, and tantamount to a permanent police, all members being ex-soldiers ‘‘living in barracks’’; third, the Citizens’ Defence Corps, consisting of volunteers, which sprang into existence as a result of the Spartacist troubles.  Its numbers are incalculable, but it is known to be well armed and officered, and undoubtedly the reactionaries count on its support.  This force possesses organisations in the rural districts besides the towns.  Stocks of arms and ammunition have been sent broadcast over Germany for emergencies, notably in Pomerania, where every country house is an arsenal.

Ross Smith’s plane leaves Delhi 

Delhi: Captain Ross Smith cables that he left Karachi to-day at 7.40 a.m. and arrived at Delhi at 4.30 p.m. The journey was uneventful, the weather being good, with a slight head wind. During the last three days Captain  Ross Smith has flown for an aggregate of 25 hours, covering 1600 miles. Allahabad is the next stopping-place, which will probably be reached tomorrow. 

Captain Smith regards the most dangerous portion of the whole route between Rangoon and Singapore, 1000 miles being across jungle in which a forced landing would be more dangerous than at sea. The population of Australia is nowover 5 million, exclusive of full-blooded aborigines.  

This is the latest estimate of the Commonwealth Statistician (says the Melbourne Age), and it does not go beyond the year 1918, when the figure was set at 5,030,479.  From 1900 to 1914 there was a steady increase in population, but in 1915 there was a falling off of about 9000. Again in 1916 the figureswent down further by about 50,000, but in 1917 they returned to about the 1914 mark.  Thence they jumped in 1918 to over 5 million and are probably continuing to increase.

Record Australian flight

The perfect stability of modern aeroplanes and their safety as passenger carriers has just been amply demonstrated by Flight-Lieutenant W. H. Treloar, who left Essendon on August 11 and returned there on October 28, after completing a tour which covered 3000 miles (says the Melbourne Age).  During the tour the plane visited Echuca, Deniliquin, Hay, Wagga, and many other towns.  It took up at different stages an aggregate of 400 passengers, and had no mishaps whatever, nor engine trouble of any kind.  This constitutes a record in Australian aviation.  

The machine used was a De Haviland 6, fitted with a 90 horse-power ‘‘Raf’’ engine.  The return flight from Benalla occupied 84 minutes, the machine being favoured with a northerly wind.  Amongst those who took the air were Rev. Dr Anderson, Bishop of Riverina; Mr and Mrs Leigh Falkiner, Mr Frank Guthrie (who has become addicted to flying), Mr Thomas Ellis, Mr Sugden, and the mayors and mayoresses of various municipalities.  Messrs Treloar and Lord are taking the machine to Belmont Common, Geelong, where they intend to flit about the Western district.

— ODT, 27.11.1919.

COPIES OF PICTURE AVAILABLE FROM ODT FRONT OFFICE, LOWER STUART ST, OR WWW.OTAGOIMAGES.CO.NZ

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1919 was the year of Spartacist (named for 'Spartacus') uprising.
Rosa Luxembourg and Karl Liebnecht were murdered by the militia, in Berlin.