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Party leader Phil Goff said yesterday a Labour government would welcome foreign investment, but if his party won the next election there would be strict controls.
"Labour will reverse the current approach to overseas sales of land," he said at the party's annual conference in Auckland.
"Instead of the overwhelming majority of farm sales being approved, the overwhelming majority will be declined."
They will be declined unless the overseas purchaser of farm or forestry land also invested in significant further processing of primary products and transfers new technology into New Zealand.
"They're not going to just cut down trees and ship them offshore," he said.
The rules, affecting tracts of land of more than 5ha, would also apply to Australian buyers of farm and forestry land - a move which could have serious implications for the CER agreement and the reciprocal rights of New Zealanders to buy in Australia.
Most applications have been approved by both the last Labour government and the present National one.
During its nine years in power, Labour sold 650,000ha; in 20 months National has sold 31,000ha.
Mr Goff said a Labour government would force would-be buyers of New Zealand rural land "to invest in New Zealand and our people by bringing jobs, transferring technology, increasing exports or bringing other benefits to New Zealand".
He said he had spent many years as foreign minister and trade minister representing New Zealand "and no country I can think of would find the rules I am proposing unusual".
Labour would also prevent overseas purchases of more than 25% of monopoly infrastructure, where their interest was worth $10 million or more.
To remove uncertainty it has listed the assets involved; it includes airports, ports, hospitals, schools electricity lines, water storage or reticulation networks, and stormwater or sewage disposal networks.
"If you want to buy into New Zealand, then you will have to bring something to offer New Zealand. If you do, we will welcome you," Mr Goff said.
Mr Goff indicated that Labour would maintain its policy of no state-asset sales.
Labour would also introduce a general ministerial discretion covering all assets worth more than $100 million that are not covered by the new farmland or monopoly infrastructure rules.
"Access to foreign capital is important for New Zealand and Labour will encourage other forms of direct foreign investment," Mr Goff said.
"New Zealand's poor savings record means we are reliant on imported capital to fund our current account deficit."
- NZ Herald/NZPA