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In addition to the death of iTunes, Apple also confirmed another long-running rumour: the launch of 'dark mode' for iPhone.
Apple Inc on Monday (local time) launched a "Sign In With Apple" function to rival Facebook and Google web login accounts, drawing a contrast with rivals by stressing protection of users' information.
Apple will also tighten controls on location tracking. When users sign in with their Google or Facebook Inc profiles to third-party apps, the apps often share valuable data with Google and Facebook, a practice that Apple is looking to stop. Apple said it created a system to let users generate a random, unique email to use with each app so that users do not have to reveal their real email address.
The death of iTunes
The company, meanwhile, retired the iTunes app for the Mac. Originally introduced in 2001 by Apple co-founder Steve Jobs as a way to load songs onto the then-new iPod, iTunes became sprawling over the years, letting users manage music and movies as well as handle backups and updates to iPhones and iPads. Apple said it will replace iTunes with standalone apps for music, video content and podcasts.
Apple delivered the announcements to app developers who descended on San Jose, California, for the annual developer conference. Apple's App Store is a key driver of the iPhone maker's services segment, which brought in $37.1 billion in revenue last year.
Apple takes a cut of sales from apps sold through the store, though that practice is under scrutiny in several legal proceedings.
Investors are looking to Apple's services business to power revenue and profits as iPhone sales decline. Revenue from the company's signature device had its biggest-year-over year drop in Apple's most recent quarter.
But the company still sold more than 10 times as many iPhones and iPads as it did Mac computers last year, so many developers focus on writing their apps for them rather than the Mac.
Updating the Mac Pro
Apple announced an update of the Mac Pro, a $US6000-and-up high-powered machine intended for professional users such as movie editors, with pricy add-ons such as a $US1000 monitor stand. The Mac Pro has never sold in great numbers but the device is important to Apple's image as a technology leader and in courting the creative professionals who Jobs won over. Microsoft Corp has targeted the same users with its Surface Studio computers.
The annual developer conference is occurring against the backdrop of increased scrutiny of Apple's practices and those of other tech companies.
Two sources told Reuters the US Justice Department has jurisdiction for a potential antitrust probe of Apple as part of a broader review of technology companies. The department's antitrust division and the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) met in recent weeks to give the Justice Department jurisdiction to undertake a potential antitrust probe of Apple and Google, owned by Alphabet Inc, the sources said.
Last month, the US Supreme Court allowed an antitrust lawsuit to proceed from users who allege Apple inflated app prices by not allowing iPhones to download them outside the App Store.
Spotify Technology SA, whose music service competes with Apple's, has lodged an antitrust complaint in Europe over Apple's App Store practices.
New tools and app building
The next version of Apple's operating system, iOS 13, will make it faster to download and open apps.
The latest version of its iPhone operating software, iOS 13, manages to offer both privacy features and a "dark mode" for the screen — a feature already available on Macs.
Apple software chief Craig Federighi announced at the conference new tools that will make it easier for developers to put their apps on Macs without completely rewriting the code.
Federighi said developers could take an existing iPad app and check a box to get a "tremendous head start" in building the same app for a Mac.
“This means one development team, for the first time, can build a single app that can span all the way from iPhone to iPad to Mac," he said on stage.
The move could broaden the apps available for Macs and give Apple more chances to make money on apps for its longest-lived product line. Apple will also update its operating systems and apps at the annual conference.
Apple said its AppleTV operating system will work with Microsoft Xbox and Sony Corp PlayStation video game controllers, and said that users of its Apple Watch will be able to buy apps directly from the Watch.
It also introduced a system that would let users encrypt home security camera footage with an iPad or HomePod before sending it to Apple's cloud so that Apple will not be able to view the video once it is stored in the cloud.
It also introduced an app for women to track their menstrual cycle, which will work on both the Watch and on iPhones. An app for measuring noise can warn Watch users their surroundings are too loud, but Apple noted it will not collect user recordings.
Apple shares were down 1.5 percent toward the end of the livestreamed developers conference.