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At 2.11pm on Monday, when Whakaari/White Island spewed scalding steam, rocks and ash into the air, 47 people were on or near the island.
New Zealand Police have confirmed eight people as dead and believe a further eight are still on the island, presumed dead.
These are the people who family and members of the public have said have been killed or injured during the devastating volcanic eruption. Some people remain unaccounted for.
These are the people who the New Zealand Herald knows are dead, missing and injured - but there will be others.
Lat night police released a list of nine people who are not either in hospital or who have not been discharged.
"These people are listed officially as missing.
There is a definitive list of people in hospital whose names we can’t release due to privacy reasons, police said.
"This is not a complete list of the missing as we have been unable to speak with all next of kin involved."
- Gavin Dallow (Australia)
- Jessica Richards (Australia)
- Krystal Browitt (Australia)
- Richard Elzer (Australia)
- Zoe Hosking (Australia)
- Karla Matthews (Australia)
- Julie Richards (Australia)
- Tipene Maangi (New Zealand)
- Hayden Inman (New Zealand)
To clarify about the list, we know there are eight people dead whose bodies are on the New Zealand mainland.
A further eight people are missing, presumed dead, believed to be on Whakaari.
This police list covers people who are officially missing, which includes people from both categories. The list is not complete.
The police have a separate, definitive list of people in hospital whose names cannot be released due to privacy reasons.
Hayden Marshall-Inman, tour guide, Whakatāne
Hayden Marshall-Inman left $5 at the dairy every week to pay for the next person.
The Four Square at Ōhope Beach said the tour guide was close to their hearts because of this.
"This has been happening for years so will be many recipients of his kindness," they posted on Facebook.
Marshall-Inman loved taking tour groups to Whakaari and had been doing it for 15 years.
Marshall-Inman's brother, who didn't want to be named, said: "He died doing what he loved."
It was confirmed yesterday that the tour guide was among the casualties.
He's been remembered as "the biggest guy with the biggest heart" and "one of the nicest blokes I'll ever know".
Another friend posted on Facebook: "There was not a more genuine, kind, loving soul on this planet than Hayden.
"Completely devastating and my heart goes out to the Inman family."
Australian brothers Matthew and Berend Hollander
Two Australian schoolboys have died in hospital as a result of the injuries they had sustained during the volcanic eruption.
Berend Hollander, 16, and his brother Matthew Hollander, 13, attended Knox Grammar School in Wahroonga, on Sydney's north shore, where their father also went to school.
Knox Grammar principal Scott James announced the deaths in a letter to parents.
"It is with the greatest sadness that I can confirm that Matthew Hollander (Year 8) and Berend (known at 'Ben') Hollander (Year 10) have passed away in hospital as a result of injuries sustained in the White Island volcano eruption. Please take some time to reflect on the lives of Matthew and Ben and this devastating loss for our community."
James said Matthew had a close circle of friends and was popular amongst his peers: "He was always enthusiastic about life and was actively involved in school and year group activities."
The boys' parents, Martin and Barbara Hollander, remain unaccounted for.
Julie and Jessica Richards
9News is reporting Brisbane mother Julie Richards, 47, and her 20-year-old daughter Jessica have been confirmed dead.
The agency reports New Zealand Police got in contact with the family and told them the bodies of the pair had been found.
Friend and family spokesman John Mickel told media the family were "devastated" but united in grief.
Zoe Hosking, 17, student, Adelaide
Gavin Dallow, 53, lawyer, Adelaide
Seven News in Australia is reporting Adelaide lawyer Gavin Dallow and 17-year-old Zoe Hosking are the third and fourth confirmed Australian victims of the White Island volcano disaster.
The family released a statement saying:
The Dallow family is saddened to confirm the body of Gavin Dallow has been found and identified by New Zealand Police. New Zealand Police have also advised the family that Zoe Hosking is presumed dead, with her body on White Island.
Recovery may not be possible for at least a couple of days due to the dangerous conditions.
Lisa Dallow is still in hospital in Hamilton. We mourn the loss of Gavin and Zoe.
Australian couple Karla Mathews, Richard Elzer and friend Jason Griffiths
Three Australians from Coffs Harbour, Jason Griffiths, 33, Karla Mathews, 32 and her partner Richard Elzer had been holidaying with a group of friends on the Royal Caribbean Ovation of the Seas cruise ship.
"On the 9th of December 2019, we were devastated by the news that three of our friends were visiting White Island on a shore excursion during the time of eruption," a joint statement issued by friends and the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade said.
"Some time later, we discovered that two of our friends, Richard Elzer and Karla Mathews, were still on the island.
"We then located our third friend, Jason Griffiths, in a hospital in the early hours of the next morning.
"From that moment until the moment of his passing, Jason was surrounded by friends and family members.
"We are incredibly saddened to have lost three of our closest friends."
Unidentified Malaysian tourist
The Malaysian Embassy confirmed on Tuesday that a Malaysian tourist had died.
The missing or unaccounted for
Australian vet nursing student Krystal Browitt was on the trip of a lifetime to celebrate her 21st birthday with her close-knit family, the Herald Sun reported.
Browitt was yesterday listed by New Zealand Police as officially missing.
Following the eruption, her father Paul was taken to Auckland Hospital while her sister Stephanie was taken to Christchurch Hospital.
It is believed arrangements were being made to try and take Paul and Stephanie back to Australia.
Tipene Maangi, 24, tour guide, Whakatāne
The 24-year-old wasn't even meant to be working but was always happy to pick up shifts, his whānau said.
He was on Whakaari at 2.10pm on Monday and hasn't been heard from since. He is still reported as being missing.
Those who love him are still hopeful he's survived and his father spent Tuesday standing at the Whakatāne wharf, staring at Whakaari.
Maangi, from Te Whānau a Apanui and Ngāti Porou iwi, has been described as a loving young man, who always puts others before himself.
His aunties told TVNZ that Maangi was always the entertainer and they hoped he'd come home soon.
"We love you Tip, we're waiting for you to pop up behind one of those rocks," they said.
Dozens of family and friends have posted to social media praying to Whakaari/White Island to give Maangi back to them.
"Give us back our whanauanga. It's time to come, my bro, our 'koro' Tipene Maangi," one said.
"We won't lose hope on you. Praying to hear you get off that ashy volcano today ... Hoki mai e hoa, nui te aroha."
Anthony Langford, 51, North Sydney
Kristine Langford, North Sydney
Winona Langford, 17, North Sydney
They were all on White Island when the volcano erupted.
American pair Rick Reed and Ivy Kohn Reed reportedly both required surgery after suffering burns in the White Island eruption.
It was believed both would be moved to Christchurch Hospital.
Australian teenager Jesse Langford has reportedly been found alive after the worst was feared.
It is believed his extended family are flying to New Zealand to be with him in hospital.
The 19-year-old's parents Anthony and Kristine as well as his sister Winona, 17, all remain unaccounted for.
The family were initially listed as missing on the New Zealand Red Cross' Registrar.
Anthony Langford's brother, Rodney, earlier confirmed the family were on the Ovation of the Seas cruise.
"All we know is that they went on a cruise on White Island, there was an explosion and they're missing,'' he had told 7 News.
Lisa Dallow, 48, petroleum engineer, Adelaide
Adelaide mum and engineer Lisa Dallow, 48, suffered serious burns and was taken to Waikato Hospital.
It was confirmed on Wednesday that her husband, Gavin, and daughter, Zoe, had died in the explosion.
Lauren Urey, 32, Virginia, United States
Matthew Urey, 36, Virginia, United States
He'd try to call but his hands were so badly burned, it was hard for him to use his phone.
He told his mother he and Lauren had been taken to hospital, but their family haven't heard anything since.
Lauren Urey's mother relayed the conversation to the Washington Post and said she was panicking.
The couple were on their honeymoon.
Marion and Nick London
Australian media are also reporting Marion and Nick London, from Engadine in southern Sydney, are in hospital following the eruption.
Marion, 56, was in a critical condition while Nick, 58, had serious head injuries, the Sutherland Shire news service reported.
Jake Milbank, Whakatāne, tour guide
On Monday it was Jake Milbank's birthday. On Monday he was also a guide on Whakaari when it erupted.
He is now in hospital with burns to 80 per cent of his body and his family are by his side.